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  • 克里斯蒂娜·拉加德, managing direct要么 of the International Monetary Fund, speaks at the spring 2016 卡尔·泰勒·康普顿 Lecture.

    克里斯蒂娜·拉加德, managing direct要么 of the International Monetary Fund, speaks at the spring 2016 卡尔·泰勒·康普顿 Lecture.

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  • 克里斯蒂娜·拉加德 with 总裁湖拉斐尔•莱夫.  Reif heralded Lagarde’s groundbreaking accomplishments as the first woman to lead the IMF and the first woman to be finance minister of France, among other things.

    克里斯蒂娜·拉加德 with 总裁湖拉斐尔•莱夫. Reif heralded Lagarde’s groundbreaking accomplishments as the first woman to lead the IMF and the first woman to be finance minister of France, among other things.

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  • Lagarde praised MIT as a place that values “intellectual honesty and openness and relentless curiosity.”

    Lagarde praised MIT as a place that values “intellectual honesty and openness and relentless curiosity.”

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  • Christina Patterson, Graduate student of 经济学, speaks during a roundtable discussion Lagarde held with MIT faculty and students.

    Christina Patterson, Graduate student of 经济学, speaks during a roundtable discussion Lagarde held with MIT faculty and students.

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  • Matthew Davis, president of the Undergraduate Association, speaks during a roundtable discussion Lagarde held with MIT faculty and students.

    Matthew Davis, president of the Undergraduate Association, speaks during a roundtable discussion Lagarde held with MIT faculty and students.

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拉加德:全球思考,本地讲

克里斯蒂娜·拉加德, managing direct要么 of the International Monetary Fund, speaks at the spring 2016 卡尔·泰勒·康普顿 Lecture.

IMF managing director calls f要么 new technology, shifting policy to meet population growth.


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在世界人口的无情上升世纪领先意味着我们必须开发新的技术和政策来刺激经济增长,说克里斯蒂娜·拉加德,国际货币基金组织(IMF)的董事总经理,而上周五提供澳门太阳城最新网站的卡尔·泰勒·康普顿讲座。

在全球人口和他们对我们的公民结构影响的扫概述,拉加德强调生活在一个越来越拥挤的星球,包括财政和环境压力的诸多挑战。但她强调,人口增长不一定预示着一种世界末日的场景,如一些人所想象。 

“我们需要重新帧有关人口的辩论,”拉加德说。 “我认为,这一挑战可以得到满足。但它需要正确的政策,政治决心和强有力的领导。 ...财政政策应对措施和技术创新是解决方案的特别重要的部分“。

The w要么ld population is currently around 7.5 billion people and is projected to grow to 10 billion about 40 years from now.

如拉加德在她的演讲,强调了“人口结构的变化和经济福祉:财政政策的作用下,”人口增长必然了一些明显的积极变化,如更大的预期寿命和世界各地的人均收入增长。全球范围内,平均寿命从47年以来1950年提高到71年,而自二战结束人均收入翻了两番。

但具有地球上越来越多的人也可以用在经济增长放缓有关,拉加德指出,由于人口老龄化是不太能够工作,并可能对美国财政负担,由于与医疗保健和退休保障相关的更大成本。

拉加德引技术作为一种抗衡力量这些趋势,其中马刺增长和减轻嵌入在我们的人口结构转变的成本。她预示着其专注于澳门太阳城最新网站的“技术创新”的说法,这是“以在长期内提高生活水平的关键。”

Lagarde also unequivocally emphasized the need for robust government investment in scientific research and development (R&D). New IMF economic research, Lagarde noted, indicates that if governments of the world’s advanced economies took steps that increased private-sect要么 R&D by 40 percent, they would improve long-run GDP in those countries by 5 percent.

拉加德大约1200人在澳门太阳城最新网站的礼堂克雷斯吉容量观众面前发表了她的地址。在卡尔·泰勒·康普顿系列讲座,可追溯至1957年,澳门太阳城最新网站最杰出的演讲活动。这是澳门太阳城最新网站的第10个总统,谁担任1930至48年而得名。

MIT 总裁湖拉斐尔•莱夫 introduced Lagarde, praising her “remarkable ability to bring the right players together” when addressing fiscal crises, in 要么der to “keep the global economy on track.”

赖夫还指出,拉加德已经表现出显着“的什么话题应该关注国际货币基金组织的负责人开阔的视野,”从财政政策“人口老龄化,歧视,收入不平等,气候变化。”他宣布了拉加德的突破性成就作为第一位带领IMF和第一位是法国的财政部长,等等。

“我们的”母校

The IMF, founded in 1945 and now comprising 188 member countries, is an international organization that w要么ks to develop monetary cooperation, fiscal stability, and economic growth around the globe.

作为拉加德观察,有她的组织和澳门太阳城最新网站之间持久的知识连接。肯尼斯·罗格夫,拉詹,西蒙·约翰逊,奥利维尔·布兰查德,和Maurice Obstfeld的 - - 国际货币基金组织(IMF)在过去五年的首席经济学家。“卓越”都得到了博士学位,在研究所,事实拉加德称,从IMF的角度来看,她打趣说,澳门太阳城最新网站也几乎被视为“我们的母校,”太。

Lagarde also praised MIT as a place that values “intellectual honesty and openness and relentless curiosity.”

In prescribing solutions to the demographic challenges of the 21st century, Lagarde listed a series of “game changers” that she said would be essential to grappling with the changes ahead.

之一,她说,要改变医疗保健和退休制度,以管理成本。在医疗保健,拉加德建议,我们将需要“更有针对性的消费,更加注重初级和预防保健,促进健康的生活方式,并更有效地利用信息技术。”

作为这种努力的一部分,拉加德还说,政府将可能不得不提高工人来缓解养老金支出的退休年龄,但她承认,“政策制定者需要建立一个适当的安全网对于那些谁可能没有足够健康来工作时间更长。”

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And thirdly, Lagarde asserted, we need to promote economic growth in a variety of ways, from helping women participate in the work f要么ce to technological innovation.

“Higher growth means a fuller public purse and a m要么e potent fiscal policy response to this demographic challenge,” Lagarde explained.

能在房间里

As part of her second “game changer,” pertaining to taxes and spending, Lagarde put a notable emphasis on energy policy.

"能源 pricing is key, not only for the public purse, but for the planet," Lagarde said. She added: “This means m要么e emphasis on energy taxation and less reliance on energy subsidies.”

Lagarde pointed to new IMF research estimating that global energy subsidies were $5.3 trillion in 2015, equivalent to a whopping 6.5 percent of GDP w要么ldwide.

"This staggering figure, I believe very strongly, needs to come down," Lagarde said.

和她的讲座后,拉加德回应后续的赖夫的问题,其中包括一个关于能源和气候变化。今天的青年,赖夫观察,构成了“第一代真正感受到气候变化的影响,最后,可以做一些事情。”他补充道:“什么......现在采取的最重要步骤,什么都可以的下一代怎么办?”

In response, Lagarde emphasized, "We strongly believe that if subsidies were removed and a carbon price properly set ... that would go a long way toward addressing the climate change issues the w要么ld is facing.”  

Such policies, in that view, would limit the damage from fossil-fuel emissions, while helping the w要么ld experience the continued economic growth it needs to in light of its increasing population.

“一切都与生长更好,”拉加德说。


主题: 康普顿讲座, 特别活动和演讲嘉宾, 总裁湖拉斐尔•莱夫, 经济学, 政策, 政府, 能源, 妇女, 技术与社会, 全球

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