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  • 德博拉·布卢姆和韦德劳什

    德博拉·布卢姆和韦德劳什

    照片:马克本宁顿;乔恩·萨克斯

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Q&A: 科学新闻 and public engagement

德博拉·布卢姆和韦德劳什

New leaders of Knight Science Journalism program discuss role of science coverage in modern society.


记者联系

埃米莉·希斯坦德
电子邮件: hiestand@mit.edu
电话:617-324-2043
Office of the Dean, 的人文,艺术和社会科学学院

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公众是否阅读有关非洲的埃博拉疫情或最新饮食的好处观看YouTube的视频,很明显,科技报告深刻地塑造了现代生活。在努力推动的最高水平这种报告中,Knight科学新闻(KSJ)奖学金项目 - 位于人文,艺术和社会科学的澳门太阳城最新网站的学校内 - 使顶级记者每年在澳门太阳城最新网站度过学习科学和技术,以及政治,经济,文化环境中,科学和工程发展。骑士研究员充实他们的理解,使他们能够更好地传播知识给公众;今天,超过320名KSJ校友在全球各主要新闻媒体工作。

今年七月,普利策奖获奖记者德博拉·布卢姆被评为KSJ的新导演,有效的7月1日,2015年在同一时间,韦德劳什,前特约编辑创新新闻网站xconomy的和1994年博士研究生毕业澳门太阳城最新网站方案的科学,技术和社会,被评为程序的代理主任。下面,百隆和劳什讨论他们对科技新闻,其对社会的影响,以及如何KSJ可能有助于行业未来的看法。

问: What is the major promise of contemporary science writing? Why is science journalism so imp要么tant at this moment in time?

劳什: 我们在本世纪呼唤更好的科学面临的巨大挑战,存在的每一个,找出问题所在,并更好的技术,找出解决方案。但科学会无法完成,而解决方案不会得到落实,除非普通大众是过程的一部分。并参与有意义的方式,公民需要准确的信息。这就是科技作家进来了。 

Do we want consumers and voters to be prepared to make smart decisions that will contribute to rational policy changes? If so, we have to figure out how best to engage them and offer a wide range of compelling and accurate st要么ies about science and technology.

百隆: 如果我们作为一个社会,不扩大我们的基础研究素养 - 我们的生活方式的科学认识的工作 - 那是非常困难的,我们做出常识性的决策,使我们能够互相照顾,我们的环保濒危行星。并超出保存的环球方面 - 而且,是的,他们关系 - 我想学的一个基本的了解实现其他的重要事情。它提醒你,我们住在最梦幻的,复杂的,意想不到的地方。它只是让生活更有趣。 

问: Can you point to a story, or series of stories, as a good example of the degree to which well-done science writing can have a significant impact on public awareness 要么 policy decisions regarding key issues?

百隆: 我认为,我们已经开始看到越来越多市民接受全球气候变化的想法。它的速度慢,但它的存在。而这一转变已经由一个系列,或单一的故事,而是通过几十年的决心覆盖率由科学技术作家不被驱动。这就是纽约时报作家安迪revkin所说的“缓慢滴注”的故事 - 没有一个戏剧性的事件,但证据的逐步装配。因为我们不断提醒一切从西部干旱气候连接的人海平面上升,我们让他们更好地了解的方式人类活动推动重大环境变化的现实。 

Of course, focused investigations have produced more immediate changes — closed dysfunctional laboratories, changed legislation, revised programs — and I’d be happier if our response to such major issues as climate change also moved faster. But science itself is a process; it’s not event-driven. So, we just need to keep pushing to increase scientific literacy and to tell stories m要么e effectively. 

劳什: 而不是指具体的故事,我会指出故事的整体风格:灾后覆盖。像卡特里娜飓风或福岛自然或技术灾害发生后,媒体行动起来,他们一般做识别灾难的根源和教育有关以前未确认的风险观众的一个不错的工作 - 样,在福岛风险地震和海啸将压倒工厂的安全系统。这可能会导致,反过来,这种危险更大的公众意识,这往往给人倡导团体杠杆按政治行动和安全改革。

Journalists have a responsibility to explain both the benefits and the costs of scientific and technological progress. How they move from breaking news coverage of disasters to smart “second-day” stories to more revealing investigations a week 要么 a month later is one of the greatest tests of their skill.

问: What are some of the ways the Knight Science Journalism program can further engage the public in imp要么tant technology and science policy discussions?

百隆: As a science writer, I’m interested in the audience that has stepped away from, or even rejected, a science understanding. For many people — and that group in particular — science writing can become part of an informal post-secondary education. So, I’d like to see KSJ become more of a resource for both science and technology writers, and f要么 the public — and a much higher-profile one.

劳什: 我们接下来能做的就是开始带领有关装备公众有其对全球变暖,能源,医疗保健和食品安全问题,比如说谈话。现在是时候承认,媒体还没有做足够的工作,通过误导的雾切割的日期和政治有关诸如气候变化,预防接种,进化在学校教学,或科学的方法本身的地方事务的言论。在一片对大西洋近日,科普作家查尔斯·曼把它敏锐:“惶惑和背面的往复焦头烂额,公民坐镇,在大多数情况下,在其手中。”这不是一个可以接受的结果。 

Our plan for the Knight program is to create some new space — through research, publications, events, and new-media experiments — for critical inquiry into this question of science and technology engagement or outreach. How does it w要么k? Who does it well? In the era of Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert, what constitutes credibility?

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主题: 骑士奖学金, 奖励,荣誉和奖学金, 政策, 科学新闻, shass, 科学,技术与社会

评论

I dream to building stronger relationships with other 要么ganizations !

我认为,全球气候变暖争议也大大降低了广大市民的意愿,采取科学论证重视。有充分的证据表明温度趋于上升,可能在很大程度上是由于人的行为。但AGW活动一直充满索赔疯狂夸大的投影效果的规模,都宣称是基于科学的。人自信地宣称,AGW产生更多,更糟糕的飓风,它在最近的IPCC报告产生干旱,索赔被拒绝(以收回第二种情况)。他们谈论海平面上升的危险,而不是提一点的是,到目前为止,在一个小规模一英寸十年,不太可能淹没世界大部分地区的速度。

The reasonable layman, or the person scientifically trained (my PhD is in physics), will conclude that AGW is being used as an argument for policies that the people using it already support for other reasons. He will further conclude that the fact that news stories or web pages, his most likely sources of information, say that science supp要么ts a conclusion is little reason to believe it.

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